In addition to the Miscellaneous and Foundation Stock Service (FSS) groups, the AKC classifies dogs in the following groups:
- Herding (including Collie, Corgi, German Shepherd Dog, and Old English Sheepdog)
These dogs were bred to herd other animals, such as cows and sheep. They make very intelligent family pets.
- Hound (including Basenji, Basset Hound, Beagle, Blood Hound, Greyhound, and Whippet)
These dogs tend to have excellent endurance and a powerful sense of smell. Many of them are known for baying or howling rather than barking.
- Non-Sporting (including Bulldog, Chow Chow, Dalmatian, and Poodle)
This is a diverse group made up of breeds that do not seem to fit anywhere else.
- Sporting (including Cocker Spaniel, Golden Retriever, Labrador Retriever, and Weimaraner)
These friendly, energetic dogs are usually great in the woods and in the water. They are sturdy dogs that need plenty of exercise.
- Terrier (including Airedale Terrier, Cairn Terrier, Miniature Schnauzer, and Scottish Terrier)
These spirited, wiry-coated dogs were bred to catch vermin. As family pets, they can be quite feisty.
- Toy (including Chihuahua, Pomeranian, Pug, and Yorkshire Terrier)
These tiny dogs are cute and portable, making them ideal for small living spaces.
- Working (including Boxer, Great Dane, Mastiff, Siberian Husky, Rottweiler, and St. Bernard)
These large, strong dogs were bred to do real work, such as pull sleds or guard property. With proper training, they can make great family dogs.
Read more in our AKC series in Part 1: American Kennel Club (AKC) Breed Registration
Read more in our AKC series in Part 2: Newly Recognized AKC Breeds